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What is Embryo Transfer and its Procedure | Mishka IVF
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What is Embryo Transfer and its Procedure | Mishka IVF 

What is the Embryo Transfer And Its Procedure | Mishka IVF

Transferring a fertilized embryo into the woman’s uterus is a crucial part of the IVF procedure, and only a highly experienced IVF doctor can do it. Gold medalist IVF specialist & owner of prime IVF center in Jaipur, Dr. Ruchi Bhandari says, embryo transfer is a very important and easy procedure. You didn’t have to panic about it. But, there are some precautions & risks which you must consider before opting for the treatment. 

This blog gives you insight into how the embryo transfer process works and the procedure of transfer.

What is an Embryo Transfer?

An embryo transfer is the last step of the IVF procedure. Firstly, doctors give you fertility medications to stimulate the ovaries and release healthy eggs from the ovaries.

All these eggs are retrieved from the female ovaries & fertilized in a dedicated laboratory. Once the eggs are fertilized, doctors will transfer the embryos into the women’s uterus. The embryo must stick to the wall inside the uterus for a successful pregnancy. 

When Someone Needs Embryo Transfer – 

When natural fertilization is not working for a couple or couple faces difficulties getting pregnant even after trying for a long time without using any birth control methods. 

There are various reasons for the treatment, including:- 

  • Ovulation Disorders – If any woman is facing inconsistency in her ovulation. Then, she will have fewer eggs available for successful conception. 
  • Damage in the fallopian tubes – Fallopian tubes are the connecting passage by which embryos travel & reach the uterus. Suppose there are any scars or damage present. Then, the fertilized eggs would not easily travel to the womb.
  • Endometriosis – This is an issue that occurs when the tissues inside the uterus implant & grow outside of the uterus and affects the functioning of the female reproductive system.  
  • Premature ovarian collapse – If the ovaries are not working properly and fail to release eggs or produce estrogen regularly.
  • Uterine leiomyomas – people also know them as fibroids, and usually, fibroids are the tumors on the wall of the uterus. Sometimes fibroids can obstruct an egg’s ability to get an implant by itself in the uterus wall and prevent pregnancy. 
  • Genetic Problem – Some of the genetic issues are the cause for preventing pregnancy.

If anyone has these conditions, they must consider talking to the IVF specialist for the embryo transfer and IVF as an option for treatment. 

What Should a Person Expect Before & After an Embryo Transfer?

3 to 4 days before the embryo transfer procedure, The doctor will select the best suitable eggs for transferring into the partner’s womb.

With the help of non-invasive methods such as metabolomic profiling, doctors will choose the most beneficial eggs for implanting into the womb.

After that, doctors will fertilize the eggs in the laboratory and left it for 2-3 days to develop the culture. If enough good-quality eggs are present, the doctor will finalize them for further procedure.

What are the Success Rates of Embryo Transfer?

The success rate may vary upon the transfer method and the quality of fertilization. There are not enough statistical differences between frozen & fresh embryos. While using fresh embryo transfer, there is a 23 % pregnancy rate. Moreover, frozen embryos had a 19 % percent pregnancy rate.

Everyone has an individual success rate, which varies upon the cause of infertility, previous medical history, and any genetic disorders present in the patient. The success rate also depends upon the experience of the doctor. To get good success rate, you can visit Mishka IVF center. Here you will get the treatment at the most affordable IVF cost in Jaipur.

The Procedure of Embryo Transfer –

The doctor will position a medical device known as a speculum inside the women’s reproductive system to keep vulva walls open in the embryo transfer procedure. After that, he will pass a catheter into the women’s womb with ultrasound guidance. The process is usually pain-free. Some women may feel discomfort when their bladder is full, but the overall process is short, and the doctor will empty the bladder once the ultrasound completes.

What Happens After Treatment is Complete?

The doctor will schedule a follow-up appointment for 2 weeks later to check and know if the embryo is implanted successfully or not.

How Many Types of Embryo Transfer Are Available – 

Generally, doctors use the same process to extract the eggs and fertilize them. Once successful fertilization occurs. Then, there are different treatment choices available for embryo transfer, including – 

Fresh embryo Transfer – After eggs have been fertilized, eggs go through culturing procedure for 2 – 3 days. And after that, the doctor will place embryos directly into the women’s uterus. 

Frozen embryo transfer – Doctors may use healthy frozen embryos kept frozen. Firstly, doctors will thaw the frozen embryos and then transfer them directly into the women’s uterus.

Blastocyst embryo transfer – If there are many healthy embryos developed after fertilization. Doctors usually wait to watch and see if the embryo develops into blastocysts. According to a study by the Indian Journal of Clinical Practice, blastocysts embryo transfer has a higher success rate than general embryo transfer. However, another recent research done by a group of doctors suggests that it may have risk later in the pregnancy & not always should be recommended to the patients. 

What Is The Risks And Precautions of the Treatment?

There is very minimal risk in the procedure. Mostly, risks are related to the hormonal condition, which may cause high blood pressure or blocking of blood vessels. 

Some women experience bleeding, vaginal discharge, or infections for a while.  

The highest risk in this procedure is the probability of multiple pregnancies. Multiple pregnancies occur when multiple embryos attach to the uterus wall. Also, there are chances of the stillbirth of a child, which is common in IVF pregnancies.

Conclusion

An embryo transfer is the last step of the IVF process. While there are different embryo transfers available, the timeline for results can vary accordingly. Your individual decision and consultation with an IVF specialist will help you choose the best suitable treatment option for yourself.

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